Cleopatra VII Biography
Queen (c. 69 BCE–c. 30 BCE)
As queen of ancient Egypt, Cleopatra is one of the most famous female rulers in history.
“I will not be triumphed over.”
The last ruler of the Macedonian dynasty, the stories and myths surrounding Cleopatra’s tragic life inspired a number of books, movies and plays. Cleopatra has become one of the most well known ancient Egyptian. Cleopatra’s family ruled Egypt for more than 100 years before she was born around 69 B.C.
Cleopatra’s father was King Ptolemy XII. Little is known about Cleopatra’s mother, but some speculation presumes she may have been her father’s sister, Cleopatra V Tryphaena. Debate also surrounds Cleopatra’s ethnicity. While it was believed for a long time that she was of Greek descent, some speculate that her lineage may have been black African.
In 51 B.C., Ptolemy XII died, leaving the throne to 18-year-old Cleopatra…
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